The theory of composition is one of the foundations of photography. Is a set of rules that should be followed to give the picture the desired dynamics. It's not hard recommendations, but do not do this consciously, is to follow them.
All these rules were created to lucidly and, at first glance, to show that the main topic of the photo. To ensure that potential audience will not have to wander to look at the pictures. With a clearly defined topic, we can show you exactly what you figured it was worth a show.
1. The rule of thirds
When we do, every day, for example, a cell, usually set we are interested in a thing or person in the center of the frame and take a picture. This is the main error, and the first thing that must learn an aspiring photographer. The placement of the main motif in a different location than the tool gives a more interesting and dynamic shot.
To Express this technique in the frame, there was the so-called principle of "Golden section", that is, thirds. We share our human resources Department four lines: two horizontal and two horizontal (see figure). The main theme of the photographs must be placed at the place of contact of points where vertical lines intersect with the horizontal. Thanks to that our photos gain dynamics and power. It is important to use only and exclusively from one point at a time, otherwise the vision of potential viewers will be to wander among these two paragraphs not knowing where to concentrate.
2. The horizon line
This method is used in landscape photography. Involuntarily making pictures, often we put the horizon line in the center of the frame. It should be noted that this frame does not show for potential viewers, what's more interesting is the best solution for called the earth or the sky. The horizon line should be placed on one of two horizontal lines of thirds (see previous paragraph).
For example, if we photograph mountains, you should show them 2/3 of the photo by placing the horizon line at the top. If we photograph the sunrise, then we wanted to show the sky and clouds line the horizon, are placed on the lower line of thirds.
3. Dark light
Our gaze involuntarily looking at the photo from the brightest point to the darkest. This knowledge, accordingly, be applied can help us to attract the viewer's eye, but also can cause us harm - if a very bright section is not what we want to show, too rozproszymy, watched photos. For example, when shooting a sunrise, we have to put the same sun at the junction of the lines of thirds - then we can be sure that this will be the first thing someone will look.
4. Photo three-dimensional?
Of course, the question mark in the topic is not accidental. A two-dimensional image, but through appropriate techniques we can give them the illusion of the third dimension. One option is the creation of such a frame to put before and/or behind the subject other objects. In addition, you can use depth of field to blur front and back of the pictures so as not odciągały of view from the Central point, however, was not visible.
Another method of introducing treciego assessment of the photographs is the use of so-called leading lines, which will "draw" us into the image. We are talking about lines laid across the road, river, walls etc. followed by the vision and which stretches across the photo.
It czywiście only a few rules that you need to know to take better pictures. Photography, like everything else, it's solid science.