Widźajanagar (Vijayanagara, Hampi) :: India

Widźajanagar "City Of Winners"

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Ruiny opusczonego miasta Widźajanagar teraz
Ruins opusczonego city Widźajanagar currently

Widźajanagar, otherwise Vijayānagara Sāmrājya, literally means "City of winners" (Vijaya - victory, nagara, city). The name of the abandoned city, the state capital of the same name. Widźajanagar was the last Indian Empire, which were built in the raids, muzłumańskim. Currently called "Humpy."

Between XIII and XIV century muzłumanie (Sultanate Delhijski) conquered almost whole of India, but their power did not last in the South, where he developed a Hindu state. It of them chose the strongest Empire Widźajanagaru (eng. Vijayanagara). Harihara founded them (he was a ruler as Harihara And reigned in 1356) and Bukka (Bukka known as ray And reigned in 1377), also called the Sangama brothers.

Świątynia Vittali, opuszczone miasto Widźajanagar
Temple Vittali in opusczonym city Widźajanagar

After the stabilization of the new Empire began construction of its capital. Thus, it was described:

The massive walls, which can still be seen, an area of over sixty square miles, much of which was to cultivate the fields and gardens that were filled channels extending from the river. Most of the houses were few, but among them grew palaces, temples, public buildings, wide streets, full of shops and lively markets. The main place was built in regular Indian style, covered with ornamental carving.

From the XIV century, the state Widźajanagar experienced its heyday. At the end of the XV century the capital of the state with a population of about half a million people, and this was the second (after Beijing) the biggest city in the world: twice, at least from Paris.

Temple Wirupaksza in opusczonym city Widźajanagar

Worst enemy Widźajanagaru was at the beginning of the Sultanate Bahmanidów, which occupied the Northern part of the Deccan plateau, hills, lying in the Central part of the Indian Peninsula. The state, however, at the end of the XVI century disintegrated into many small sułtanatów, which began to compete with each other for leadership in the region. Unfortunately, shortly after that same touched Empire Widźajanagaru, where he began many years of internal struggle for power. Finally, in 1542 the power switched (on behalf of the minor ruler) Frame Arawid Paradise.

The new ruler from the beginning, began a campaign aimed at ukrócenie power, the most influential representatives of the Empire, tried to prevent in the internal Affairs of the state wmieszali yourself sułtani. Largely, he succeeded and soon he began to impose Islamic rulers their will, including several times with the weapon in his hands. Unfortunately, this policy has brought death throughout the Empire.

Temple Vittali in opusczonym city Widźajanagar, interior

Little sułtanaty fear threatens the Islamic Empire Widźajanagaru that forced them to abandon the fight between themselves and the creation of a great Alliance. In 1564 they were able to collect a large army that moved South. Frame Paradise Arawid their meeting wymaszerował even with a large army. In his pride the ruler didn't even try to break the new Alliance diplomatically, was confident of victory. The armies met on the banks of the river Krishna, it was the 26 of December 1564, when there in a month and "trying" in minor collisions. It was then that the Islamic army secretly crossed the river and, thanks to the betrayal of two generals, surprised the camp of the Hindi attack. According to some sources, during the battle killed about 100 000 Indians, and the Frame Paradise Arawid was captured, where he was beheaded.

In the campaign, the former army to the South did not interfere with anything anymore. Soon troops entered the capital of the Empire, which are fully splądrowały, and residents wymordowały. The city is completely deserted. The great victory of the Islamic sułtanatów had not, however, matter greatly to them: the Alliance is not captured and they began again to compete with each other, soon after the Mongolian armies, which nadciągnęły from the North.

Unfortunately, the city Widźajanagar was never rebuilt. The ruins of the capital introduced in 1986 in the world heritage list of UNESCO.

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